Ms Redoglia, 31, admits she sometimes references pop culture from the 1990s, a decade that might seem distinctly historical to her young audience. But lines from TLC's big 1995 hit "Waterfalls" and Billy Madison, an Adam Sandler movie from the same year, have both proved popular memes. "Not every pop culture event sits well with the collection," says Ms Redoglia, "but I keep a careful eye on things, follow hashtags and participate when I can."
Most art galleries use social media in the UK the Tate issues a daily forecast by tweeting a painting that seems to reflect the day's weather. But museums taking a humorous, some would say juvenile, approach to their own art to woo a younger audience is still virgin territory. Is it innovative or another example of the dumbing down of culture?
Referencing Beyonc's 'Single Ladies' (Los Angeles County Museum of Art)
For Lucy Redoglia, the social media manager at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (Lacma), the Hanson comparison trumped any considerations of the picture's artistic merits. She attached the words "Mmbop, ba duba dop" an approximation of the song's lyric to a photograph of the painting and distributed it on Snapchat, a social media platform whose average user is aged 18. The resulting meme was viewed more than 60,000 times on Snapchat and shared extensively on other social media platforms such as Twitter and Facebook.
And it's working. While Lacma's following on Facebook and Twitter is relatively stable, its community of Snapchat "friends" is burgeoning.
Art historian Bendor Grosvenor says he's "all in favour" of initiatives such as Lacma's memes. "Why not? There's nothing to lose, and everything to gain," he says. "Art can't be devalued. The Mona Lisa adorns everything from pizza boxes to toothpaste, and still it's regarded as one of the greatest paintings of all time."
Job done, for Ms Redoglia, who is at the cutting edge of efforts to use social media to engage teenagers with classical art. She sends out up to three "snaps" a week, each one pairing an item from LACMA's collection of 120,000 works of art with a phrase from the pages of pop culture. A portrait of two young women by the English painter Thomas Sully (1783 1872) was twinned with the line "Stop trying to make fetch happen" a line from the cult 2004 movie Mean Girls. The dashing Portrait of Pieter Tjarck by the Dutch master Frans Hals gained a pair of sunglasses and the caption: "Deal with it."
Referencing Hanson's 'MMMBop' 1997 single hit; and the 2004 film 'Mean Girls' (Los Angeles County Museum of Art)
read more: Russia has banned memes
锘緼 Los Angeles art museum is turning classic works into memes and sharing them on Snapchat for youngsters to view
Toledo has already detected algae in the vicinity of its water intake and has implemented more rigorous testing equipment in and around its water intake cribs on the lake. The city of Toledo over the winter also upgraded its water treatment plant and added freshwater storage capacity.
Costs of the program and details of the agreement with the Australian company were not included in a city press release issued late Friday.
The agreement makes the city the first in the nation to use a chemical called phytoxigene, which analyzes DNA in lake born algal blooms to determine if it has the ability to produce mycotoxin.
The city is joining others in Ohio, as well as the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, in developing early detection systems that could avert last minute water shutoffs.
Toxic algae is not confined to Lake Erie, however. The Center for Investigative reporting found in 2012 that the algae grows in smaller bodies of water, as well.
The city has hired a company from Australia, Diagnostic Technology, to perform regular testing of the city's drinking water supply for the types of toxic algae that forced the shutdown of Toledo's water supply in 2014.
AKRON, Ohio Akron is on alert for toxic algae, the type that left Toledo without running water for days last year.
锘緼kron testing drinking water for toxic algae
"Knowing ahead of time if the algae in the lake poses the threat to create toxins gives the leadership team at Akron Water Supply the time and confidence to make decisions to prevent harmful algal blooms and to prevent toxins from contaminating the drinking water," the city said in its release.
Toxic algal blooms in Lake Erie are projected to be worse this year than in 2014, according to researchers at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. That's due to heavy rainfall early in the summer, coinciding with the application of nitrogen and phosphorous fertilizers on corn and soybean fields.
Akron supplies drinking water for roughly 300,000 residents out of its Lake Rockwell reservoir in Portage County.
Akron hosted an international conference in April on the topic of toxic algae. The conference spawned a handheld device that can count concentrations of algae.
External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee arrived in the southern Chinese city of Guangzhou on Wednesday, kick starting his four day visit to the Communist giant during which the boundary row and irritants surrounding it are expected to dominate his talks with the leadership in Beijing.
Delivering a speech at the prestigious Peking University and a meeting with Chinese Indologist Ji Xianlin, who was conferred the Padma Bhushan award this year in the first such India's civilian honour to a Chinese, are part of Mukherjee's engagements. Ji has translated the Ramayana from Sanskrit to Chinese.
During the visit, the first high level contact since Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's tour in January and the first by an Indianexternal affairs minister since 2002, Mukherjee would also hold talks with Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao.
锘縝order row to dominate talks
Tibet, a sensitive issue in Sino India ties with Tibetans led by the Dalai Lama living in exile in India, is also likely to come up for discussions. China has appreciated India's stand on Tibet and Mukherjee's visit is the first high level political contact after the unrest in Tibet erupted in March.
"The two countries have reached a consensus which is that both are important neighbours and partners to each other. The two countries will not regard each other as a threat," Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang had said on Tuesday.
China has said the two sides would hold talks on 'a series of issues,' including the boundary on which discussions had made "some progress" in recent years with the Special Representatives holding 11 rounds of dialogue under an established mechanism.
Mukherjee was received at the airport by India's Ambassador to China, Nirupama Rao, and senior Chinese officials. On his maiden trip toChinaafter becoming external affairs minister, Mukherjee is carrying a wide ranging agenda from the long running border issue often dogged by irritants to trade and water to discuss with his counterpart Yang Jiechi, whose invitation brings him to China.
'The Special Representatives shall complete at an early date the task of arriving at an agreed framework of settlement on the basis of this Agreement,' according to 'A Shared Vision for the 21st Century' signed by the two countries during Prime Minister Singh's visit in January.
The visit, which is aimed at building on the positive momentum in bilateral ties, comes amidst warmer relations between the two Asian giants and a thriving trade that went beyond expectations of both sides but the ties have also come under stress with reports of border incursions and China's claims over Indian territory.
On the eve of Mukherjee's visit, Beijing said the two countries do not see each other as a threat and it would work towards reaching through dialogue a 'fair, reasonable and acceptable' solution to the boundary row.
Mukherjee and Yang are expected to review the progress in the boundary talks between the Special Representatives who have conducted 11 rounds of negotiations on the basis of Political Parameters and Guiding Principles for the settlement of the issue concluded in April 2005.
Enhancing trade between the two countries which has reached nearly US $ 40 billion and is targeted at US $ 60 billion by 2010, is also expected to figure as a key issue at the talks, as also the sharing of hydrological data on Brahmaputra river which rises on the Tibetan plateau.
Or, maybe you've known somebody like me. All I really needed was somebody to say, "It's okay to be who you are!" If you think you know someone in the closet, talk to them. You might be exactly what's needed permission to live truthfully!
Growing up, I spent most of my free time at church. I attended Vacation Bible School, went on mission trips, and talked shop with clergy. I studied the Bible like it was my job. I pored over it's pages, and it was a pretty big part of my family life: both my parents were church leaders, my oldest brother is a pastor, and another brother was a missionary. My childhood home was filled with conversations that revolved around scripture, so I know it like most people know a favorite movie.
Come out. Do it in spite of the people and circumstances that stand in your way, do it for the rest of us, and most importantly, do it because you deserve to be true to yourself! It's time! It's time to come out no matter what has been holding you back.
I lived this way for years. I knew intimately the world inside the covers of the Holy Bible, and I was firmly convicted that striving daily to be like Jesus was the only right way to live. I viewed people through a lens I believed that all those who had yet to believe in Jesus were in danger, and it was my job to share the Good News with them. I thought that the world was a closed circle and freedom through Jesus was everything else.
I would have continued in this life of faith, but something stood in my way. I felt I was neglecting a deeper part of me a visceral, uncontrollable desire. Then, something happened. I finally admitted a personal truth: I'm gay. In the same moment I came out to myself, I realized that my religion prevented me from living in the freedom of exploration, the excitement of curiosity, and the anticipation of answering some pretty tough questions. Religion was in fact the closed circle. I couldn't be gay and Christian. The two were at odds, and the effort to reconcile them was tearing me apart.
锘緽ut Then I Came Out
These beliefs defined my worldview and dictated how I navigated relationships. A good friend of mine once pulled me aside to tell me that my religion had become foul, and nobody wanted to be around me. At the same time, countless people recognized my dedication to Jesus, and asked me to teach classes and lead small groups.
Lastly, I need to apologize. I was wrong and annoyingly dogmatic. I am sorry that I used religion as a shield against homosexuality and to oppress others just like me.
I was more than a blind follower or a casual experimenter in faith. I was a deep seated convert and a wholehearted zealot I was a disciple of Jesus Christ.
So what? Why does anyone care?
This realization is still ongoing, and it hasn't always been easy. As a matter of fact, it has been a lengthy awakening that has so far taken around a decade.
I thought I was right, but now I can say that I have more to learn than anyone. I am so thankful to be living in a time when self discovery is applauded. It's becoming easier every single day, but for too many, the struggle is impossible to endure. Take heart! It's going to be okay because love always conquers!
Well, maybe you're like me. Religion can make your identity seem less than ideal even to the point where it's oppressive. Now that I'm outside the bubble of faith, I can look back and see how confining it was for me. Don't waste another minute. It's okay to be exactly who you are!
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